• Amerigo Vespucci

    1454-1512

    Born in Ognissanti, in Florence Italy March 9, 1451. Amerigo was the third son of Stagio and Elisabetta Vespucci. From 1478 to 1480 He was attached to the embassy in Paris, working for his relative Guido Antonio Vespucci, ambassador of Florence to King Louis XI of France.

    Amerigo became steward in the house of Lorenzo de Medici in 1483 and between 1491 to1492, He worked in Seville, Spain for the de Medici family where he learnt about the voyages of exploration and the men who were searching for a northwest passage to the Indies.

    In 1497 Vespucci was granted permission to undertake a voyage of discovery by King Ferdinand of Spain and on May 10th he started his first Voyage. On April 10 he reached the mainland of Guiana and in October of 1498 returned to Cadiz, Spain.

    The Second Voyage of Amerigo Vespucci with Alonzo de Ojeda as the captain. set sail for Cape Verde May 16, 1499. They crossed the Equator and explored the coast of Guiana and Brazil. They discovered Cape St. Augustine, the River Amazon and the Cape Verde Islands, and this is the first time anyone has been purposely to the "New World." On this first journey Vespucci explored the north eastern coast of South America and also came in contact with Cuba, Hispaniola, and the Bahaman Islands. In September of 1500 they returned to Spain. He reported his findings to the de Medici family.

    The Third Voyage of Amerigo Vespucci set sail for Cape Verde on May 14 of 1501 Vespucci was second in charge behind Gonocalo Coelho, another one of Spains' explorers. They explored on this expedition the Cape Santo Agostinho at the shoulder of present day Brazil. This voyage was one of the less successful because they explored only limited water area. September 7, 1502 he returned to Europe landing in Lisbon

    The Fourth Voyage with Gonzal Coelho set sail for Cape Verde and South America in June of 1503. On the return journey he discovered Bahia and the island of South Georgia. He established a trading agency for brazil wood at Cape Frio - it was located exactly on the Tropic of Capricorn. Vespucci returned to Lisbon in Portugal June 18, 1504 

    Vespucci became a naturalized Spaniard in April 14, 1505 that year Amerigo Vespucci married Maria Cerezo. 

    His fifth and sixth voyages were made a with Juan de la Cosa in 1505 and 1507. German mapmaker Martin Waldseemuller, in 1507 printed the first map that used the name America for the New World. 

    Vespucci becomes Piloto Mayor (chief pilot) of Spain in August of 1508. Amerigo Vespucci died at Seville, 22 February, 1512

    Reference:

    http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/amerigo-vespucci.htm

    http://www.studyworld.com/Amerigo_Vespucci.htm